Miscibility and hydrolytic degradation in alkaline solution of poly(l-lactide) and poly(p-vinyl phenol) blends

Tomoko Shirahase, Yoichi Komatsu, Hironori Marubayashi, Yoichi Tominaga, Shigeo Asai, Masao Sumita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) was melt-blended with poly(p-vinyl phenol) (PVPh) using a two-roll mill, and the miscibility between PLLA and PVPh and degradation of the blend films were investigated. It was found that PLLA/PVPh blend has miscibility in the amorphous state because only single Tg was observed in the DSC and DMA measurements. The Tg of the PLLA/PVPh blend could be controlled in the temperature range from 55 °C to 117 °C by changing the PVPh weight fraction. In alkaline solution, degradation rate of PLLA/PVPh blends was faster than that of neat PLLA because PVPh could dissolve in alkaline solution. The surface morphology of degraded PLLA and PLLA/PVPh blend were observed by SEM. The surface morphology of degraded PLLA/PVPh blend was finer than that of PLLA. Young's modulus of PLLA/PVPh blend increased with increasing PVPh content. Yield stress of PLLA/PVPh blends whose PVPh content was less than 30 wt% kept the level of about 55 MPa and that of PLLA/PVPh blend whose PVPh content was 40 wt% is much lower than that of neat PLLA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1626-1631
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Volume92
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Heat resistance improvement
  • Miscible blend
  • Poly(l-lactide)
  • Polymer blend

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Miscibility and hydrolytic degradation in alkaline solution of poly(l-lactide) and poly(p-vinyl phenol) blends'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this