Minus-strand origin of filamentous phage versus transcriptional promoters in recognition of RNA polymerase

Atsushi Higashitani, Nahoko Higashitani, Kensuke Horiuchi

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18 Citations (Scopus)


Replication of complementary-strand DNA in filamentous phages is initiated by a primer RNA that is synthesized at the minus-strand origin on the viral single-stranded DNA by Escherichia coli RNA polymerase holoenzyme containing the σ70 subunit. We have demonstrated that the affinity of RNA polymerase in vitro to the origin is about 16-fold higher than that to the lacUV5 promoter. We have also shown that the temperature dependence of the primer RNA synthesis is much lower than that of lacUV5 transcription. The high affinity of RNA polymerase to the origin depends on the single strandedness of the '-10 region.' A nucleotide sequence of the nontemplate strand in the -10 region was found to be important for the function, but that of the template strand was not. These observations suggest that σ70 subunit directly interacts with the single-stranded nontemplate strand containing adenine residue(s) at the -10 region of promoter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2909-2914
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes


  • -10 region
  • nontemplate strand
  • open complex
  • primer RNA
  • σ factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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