Minimizing and quantifying mis-indexing in electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) determinations of antigorite crystal directions

Takayoshi Nagaya, Simon R. Wallis, Yusuke Seto, Akira Miyake, Yusuke Soda, Seiichiro Uehara, Megumi Matsumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Antigorite is common in hydrated mantle domains and commonly shows strong alignment either due to deformation or growth in a preferred orientation. The alignment of antigorite imparts a strong anisotropy to the host rock affecting physical properties. A quantitative analysis of how antigorite affects these properties requires a reliable measurement of the crystallographic preferred orientation of antigorite, and EBSD analysis is the most widely used technique. Potential problems include (i) mis-indexing, which can add significant uncertainties to the results; and (ii) sample preparation, which may affect the measured CPO in particular for automated mapping. Combining results derived from X-ray goniometry, EBSD and U-stage techniques with FIB-TEM analysis leads to the following conclusions concerning these two issues. (i) There is a significant issue with mis-indexing a- and b-axes due to rotational similarities about the c-axis. Similar problems may also affect the c-axes measurements but this is less significant than the a- and b-axes when data are filtered using lower MAD values. Filtering using MAD values of <0.7° can significantly change the resulting CPO. (ii) Sample preparation can also affect the measured CPO: sections prepared parallel to the foliation show only minor differences with MAD values of <2.0°. Mis-indexing problems can be minimized by using an MAD value of <0.7° and analysing thin sections cut parallel to the foliation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-141
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1
Externally publishedYes


  • Anisotropy
  • Antigorite crystallographic preferred orientation (CPO)
  • EBSD
  • Kikuchi pattern
  • Mean angular deviation (MAD)
  • TEM observation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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