OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and durability of transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The clinical variables useful in predicting outcome were identified. METHODS: From October 1996 to March 2000, 58 patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated with TUMT using the Urowave device. Treatment outcome was evaluated by the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), quality-of-life assessment score, and urodynamic investigation. The patients were divided into those having a good and poor response on the basis of the degree of IPSS decrease at 3 months. RESULTS: The mean IPSS significantly decreased from 19.2 at baseline to 13.3 at 3 months (P <0.0001). The mean quality-of-life score changed from 4.6 at baseline to 2.9 at 3 months (P <0.0001). No statistically significant differences in peak flow rate, postvoid residual volume, Schäfer's obstruction scale, or detrusor pressure at peak flow were noted before or after TUMT. The pretreatment IPSS of the good response group was significantly higher than that of the poor response group (P=0.017). A more significant difference was obtained for the obstructive score (P = 0.002), and no difference was observed in the irritative score (P = 0.631). The Schäfer grading scale score of the good response group was significantly smaller than that of the poor response group (P = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: TUMT with the Urowave was effective in eliminating symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia, but did not markedly improve the objective voiding parameters. Patients with urodynamically less obstructive symptoms but subjectively more obstructive symptoms are therefore probably good candidates for TUMT.
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