Microstructure, wear resistance, and corrosion performance of Ti35Zr28Nb alloy fabricated by powder metallurgy for orthopedic applications

Wei Xu, Xin Lu, Jingjing Tian, Chao Huang, Miao Chen, Yu Yan, Luning Wang, Xuanhui Qu, Cuie Wen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


A ternary Ti35Zr28Nb alloy was fabricated by powder metallurgy (PM) from pre-alloyed powder. The microstructure, hardness, corrosion behavior, and wear response of the produced alloy were investigated systematically. The results show that nearly full dense Ti35Zr28Nb alloy (relative density is 98.1 ± 1.2 %) can be fabricated by PM. The microstructure was dominated with uniform β phase. The Ti35Zr28Nb alloy displayed spontaneous passivity in a naturally aerated simulated body fluid (SBF) solution at 37 ± 0.5 °C. The Ti35Zr28Nb alloy exhibited the highest corrosion resistance as compared to as-cast Ti6Al4V and pure Ti because of the formation of a protective passive film containing TiO2, Nb2O5, and ZrO2, including the highest corrosion potential (−0.22 ± 0.01 V), the lowest corrosion current density (57.45 ± 1.88 nA), the lowest passive potential (0.05 ± 0.01 V) and the widest passivation range (1.29 ± 0.09 V). Under the same wear condition, the wear rate of the Ti35Zr28Nb alloy (0.0021 ± 0.0002 mm3/m·N) was lower than that of the CP Ti (0.0029 ± 0.0004 mm3/m·N) and close to that of the Ti6Al4V (0.0020 ± 0.0003 mm3/m·N). The wear mechanism of the Ti35Zr28Nb alloy was mainly dominated by abrasive wear, accompanied by adhesive wear. The highest corrosion resistance together with the adequate wear resistance makes the PM-fabricated Ti35Zr28Nb alloy an attractive candidate for orthopedic implant materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Corrosion resistance
  • Microstructure
  • Powder metallurgy
  • Ti35Zr28Nb
  • Wear behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Microstructure, wear resistance, and corrosion performance of Ti35Zr28Nb alloy fabricated by powder metallurgy for orthopedic applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this