Microstructure formation and in situ phase identification from undercooled Co-61.8 at.% Si melts solidified on an electromagnetic levitator and an electrostatic levitator

Mingjun Li, Kosuke Nagashio, Takehiko Ishikawa, Akitoshi Mizuno, Masayoshi Adachi, Masahito Watanabe, Shinichi Yoda, Kazuhiko Kuribayashi, Yoshinori Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Co-61.8 at.% Si (CoSi-CoSi2) eutectic alloys were solidified on an electromagnetic levitator (EML) and an electrostatic levitator (ESL) at different undercooling levels. The results indicated that there is only a single recalescence event at low undercooling with the CoSi intermetallic compound as primary phase, which is independent of processing facilities, on either an EML or an ESL. The microstructure, however, is strongly dependent on the processing facility. The interior melt flow behavior in the sphere solidified at the EML differs substantially from that at the ESL, thus yielding different microstructures. On high undercooling, double recalescence takes place regardless of levitation condition. In situ X-ray diffraction of alloys solidified on the EML demonstrates that the CoSi2 compound becomes the primary phase upon the first recalescence, and the CoSi intermetallic phase crystallizes during the second recalescence. In addition to phase identification, real-time diffraction patterns can also provide additional evidence of the fragmentation of the primary phase and the ripening feature in the subsequent cooling process in the semisolid state. The phase competition between the CoSi and CoSi2 compounds is discussed when considering the nucleation barrier. The low interfacial energy of the CoSi2 phase favors a preferential nucleation event over the CoSi phase, which also plays a critical role in non-reciprocity nucleation and thus yields a double recalescence profile at high undercooling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2514-2525
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Volume56
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CoSi-CoSi eutectic
  • Containerless solidification
  • Microstructure formation
  • Non-reciprocal rule
  • X-ray synchrotron radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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