Microstructure and tensile behavior of friction-stir welded TRIP steel

S. Mironov, Y. S. Sato, S. Yoneyama, Hiroyuki Kokawa, Hiromichi Fujii, S. Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, electron backscatter diffraction and digital image correlation techniques were employed to study the microstructure and microstructure-property relationship in friction-stir welded TRIP steel. It was found that the thermal effect of the welding process led to material softening in the heat-affected zone and promoted martensite transformation in the stir zone. These microstructural changes provided rapid strain localization during subsequent transverse tensile tests and thus resulted in premature failure of the welds. Material softening in the heat-affected zone was deduced to be a combined result of dissolution and spheroidisation of retained austenite as well as recovery in bainitic ferrite. The stir zone martensite was characterized by significant orientation spread and therefore its orientation relationship with austenite essentially deviated from the ideal Kurdjumov-Sachs relation. Moreover, the martensite transformation was found to be influenced by variant selection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 21


  • Characterization
  • Electron microscopy
  • Iron alloys
  • Phase transformations
  • Plasticity methods
  • Stress/strain measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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