Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Heat-Treated Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni Alloy for Biomedical Application

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The microstructure and mechanical properties of a heat-treated biomedical ASTM F90 Co-20Cr-15W-10Ni (mass pct) alloy were investigated. The alloy was heat-treated at temperatures of 673 K to 1623 K (400 °C to 1450 °C) for holding times of 0.6 to 259.2 ks. The formation of M23X6-type (M: metallic element and X: C and N) and η-phase (M6X-M12X type) precipitates was detected in the heat-treated alloys using a combination of electrolytic extraction and X-ray diffraction. The formation of precipitates deteriorated the ductility of the heat-treated alloys. On the other hand, both the tensile strength and elongation were improved by heat treatment at low temperatures of 673 K to 873 K (400 °C to 600 °C). In this heat-treated alloy, the density of stacking faults was higher than that of the as-received alloy, and the formation of the ε-phase was detected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2773-2782
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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