Microstructure and magnetic properties of grain boundary modified recycled Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets

H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, M. Zaktonik, D. Prosperi, P. Afiuny, C. O. Tudor, K. Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Full-density recycled Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets were produced from collected waste Nd-Fe-B magnets with the coercivity, μ0Hc, of 1.30 T and remanence, μ0Mr, of 1.37 T. A small fraction of Nd6Dy21Co19Cu2.5Fe powder (Grain Boundary Modified (GBM™) powder) was blended to the powders obtained from the Nd-Fe-B waste magnets. The addition of 5.0 wt% GBM™ powder resulted in μ0Hc= 2.36 T with μ0Mr= 1.29 T in recycled magnets. The temperature coefficient of intrinsic coercivity, β, in the recycled magnet was measured to be −0.47%/oC. Microstructure studies showed that the addition of the GBM™ powder increases the volume fraction of a metallic Nd-rich phase in the recycled magnets. 3D tomography revealed a good interconnection of Nd-rich phases through the grain boundaries of the recycled magnet. Microstructure studies suggested that obtained high coercivity in the recycled magnet with 5.0 wt% addition of GBM™ is due to the formation of distinct grain boundary phase combined with the formation of Dy-rich shell in the Nd2Fe14B grains with ∼0.8 at. % Dy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-184
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Coercivity
  • Grain boundary
  • Microstructure
  • Nd-Fe-B sintered magnets
  • Recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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