Microstructure and hydrogen-absorption properties of Zr-Ni-Mn ternary alloys

Makoto Ohtsuka, Terukazu Yamauchi, Kimio Itagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

As a fundamental study of AB2-type Laves phase alloys for use of the Ni/MH rechargeable battery, the relationship between the structure and the hydrogen-absorption properties was investigated for the annealed Zr(Ni1-xMnx)2 and ZrNinMny (n=1.0, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 and 1.4) alloys. For the Zr(Ni1-xMnx)2 alloys, a secondary phase with a low Mn content existed along with a main C15-type Laves phase, whose volume fraction decreased with increasing Mn content. It was clarified that the hydrogen storage capacity increased with decreasing volume fraction of the secondary phase. On the other hand, the capacity of the alloys with the single C15-type Laves phase decreased with increasing Mn content. A clear relationship was found between the hydrogen-absorption properties and the lattice parameter of C15-type Laves phase, which decreased with increasing Mn content. The hydrogen storage capacity increased with increasing unit cell volume, while the desorption pressure of hydrogen decreased. It was suggested that ZrNi1.3Mn1.1 alloy was the potential alloys investigated for the rechargeable battery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)774-780
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kinzoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Japan Institute of Metals
Volume61
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • Hydrogen-absorbing alloy
  • Laves phase
  • Microstructure
  • Pressure-composition isotherm
  • Zirconium-nickel-manganese

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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