Microstructural control of Nb-Si alloy for large Nb grain formation through eutectic and eutectoid reactions

Seiji Miura, Kenji Ohkubo, Tetsuo Mohri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alloys based on Nb-silicides exhibit superior high temperature strength than the commercial nickel based superalloys. In order to improve the low-temperature ductility by microstructural control, authors have attempted to understand the nature of the eutectic and eutectoid reactions in Nb-rich portion of the Nb-Si binary system, especially the crystallographic orientation relationship among the phases using FESEM-EBSD. During the eutectic reaction it was found that Nb rods of about 1 μm in diameter having a certain crystallographic orientation disperse in Nb3Si matrix in a eutectic cell. Then, during the following heat treatment Nb3Si decomposes into a lamellar structure composed of Nb and α-Nb5Si3 in a manner of eutectoid reaction. It is observed that eutectoid Nb plates tend to nucleate at the eutectic Nb rod because both of them have a similar crystallographic orientation, resulting in a network of Nb phase with fine α-Nb5Si3 dispersoids. The Nb network may act as a large Nb grain which is expected to show better mechanical properties at both low and high temperatures. Both the reaction kinetics of the eutectoid decomposition of Nb3Si and the tendency of the Nb network formation are significantly affected by doping elements, which are attributed to the control of the interfacial energies among phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-790
Number of pages8
JournalIntermetallics
Volume15
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1

Keywords

  • A. Silicides, various
  • B. Alloy design
  • B. Grain growth
  • B. Phase transformations
  • F. Electron microscopy, scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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