Microstructural Characterization of Twin-roll Cast Gamma Titanium Aluminide Sheets

Munetsugu Matsuo, Toshihiro Hanamura, Masao Kimura, Naoya Masahashi, Toshiaki Mizoguchi, Kenichi Miyazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


As an effective route for near-net-shaping of sheets of poor workability materials, twin-roll casting is applied to production of gamma titanium aluminide sheets. An experimental process has been established for shaping of flat 100-mm wide sheets with a uniform thickness in a range of 1 to 2 mm. Changes in parameters controlling the rate of solidification in twin-roll casting provide a fairly wide variety of microstructures in a stoichiometric gamma titanium aluminide alloy. The microstructures are characterized with special attention to their through-the-thickness variations for understanding of the path of solidification and solid state transformation in direct sheet casting. In the subsurface layer of cast sheets a primary alpha phase forms from liquid and the alpha dendrites grow along the heat flow to form a sharp preferred orientation with the <0001 >α direction parallel to the sheet normal. Subsequently the alpha grains transform into an extensively refined (γ+α2) structure and develop a transformation texture of <111 >γ fiber parallel to the sheet normal with an orientation relationship of {0001 }α // {111 }γ. In the intermediate layer gamma single phase increases in relative fraction and evolves a growth texture of [001]γ parallel to the sheet normal. In the dendrite and interdendritic gamma interfaces, gamma grains accommodate thermal stresses generated during cooling. Toward the central zone the growth directions of dendrite deviate from the sheet normal with increasing depth below the surface as a reflection of meniscus profile. In the central zone shrinkage cavities are formed in the absence of liquid metal on solidification. Based on these findings metallurgical guides for further improvements in casting procedure and for controlling of cast structure are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalIsij International
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Jan
Externally publishedYes


  • direct cast sheet
  • gamma titanium aluminide
  • microstructural characterization
  • phase transformation
  • preferred orientation
  • solidification structure
  • twin-roll casting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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