Microstructural characteristics and mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V friction stir welds

Yu Zhang, Yutaka S. Sato, Hiroyuki Kokawa, Seung Hwan C. Park, Satoshi Hirano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

230 Citations (Scopus)


Friction stir welding (FSW) was applied to 3 mm-thick Ti-6Al-4V plates under different rotational speeds. Defect-free welds were successfully produced at rotational speeds of 400 and 500 rpm. The base material (BM) had a deformed α/β lamellar microstructure. FSW produced a full lamellar structure with refined prior β grains in the SZ, while the HAZ contained a bimodal microstructure consisting of the equiaxed primary α and α/β lamellar structure within the prior β structure. An increase in rotational speed increased the sizes of α colonies and prior β grains. The SZ exhibited higher hardness than the BM, with the lowest hardness found in the HAZ. Results of the transverse tensile test showed that all welds fractured in the HAZ and that they exhibited lower strength and elongation than the BM. The tensile test for only the SZ showed it to be characterized by higher strength and elongation than the BM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)448-455
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jun 25


  • Friction stir welding
  • Lamellar microstructure
  • Mechanical property
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • α globularization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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