The mechanism involved in the metabolic activation of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline, which is a pyrolysate isolated from broiled foods, to a mutagenic intermediate was studied in vitro. In a system containing hepatic microsomes and reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline was converted to a product which was directly mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium. The structure of the mutagenic metabolite was determined as the 2-N-hydroxy derivative on the basis of the chemical properties and the mass spectral evidence of the azoxy adduct with o-nitrosotoluene. The activation reaction was mediated by microsomal enzymes and was inhibited by carbon monoxide, 7,8-benzoflavone, and other chemicals which were known to inhibit the cytochrome P-450-dependent reaction. With the use of four forms of purified cytochrome P-450, the N-hydroxylation of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline and the induction of the reverse mutation of the bacteria were clearly demonstrated to be catalyzed mainly by a high-spin form of cytochrome P-450, P448 II-a.
|Number of pages||7|
|Issue number||12 I|
|Publication status||Published - 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research