The microscale to nanoscale ferroelectric domain and surface engineering of a near-stoichiometric LiNbO3 (LN) crystal is investigated using scanning force microscopy. The domain structures with arbitrary patterns are fabricated by controlling the magnitude of the voltage, polarity, and treatment time applied to LN samples while scanning them with a conductive cantilever. It is suggested that the domain and surface engineering is effective for developing additional unique templates and devices.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)