Microsatellite analysis of gynogenetic families in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Five families of gynogenetic diploid Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) were induced by inhibiting the second polar body in meiotic cell division of eggs fertilized with UV-irradiated sperm. Segregation patterns of eight microsatellite loci were investigated in the gynogenetic diploid offspring; the proportion of heterozygous progeny was used to estimate microsatellite- centromere (M-C) distances. Mendelian inheritance was confirmed for the eight loci by examining the genotypic segregation in the control crosses. Three of the eight microsatellite loci showed the existence of null alleles in four control crosses. All gynogenetic offspring only possessed the alleles of the mother, indicating 100% success level for the five families. The M-C recombination frequency estimates ranged from 0.62 to 0.77 (0.72 mean), comparable to those in the oyster based on allozyme markers and suggesting that meiotic gynogenesis does not appear to be a very efficient inbreeding method in the oyster. Recombination frequencies observed were often higher than the theoretical maximum of 0.67, indicating the existence of positive interference after a single chiasma formation in some chromosomes. Information on the positions of centromeres in relation to the microsatellite loci will represent a contribution toward assembly of genetic maps in C. gigas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Volume331
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 4

Keywords

  • Crassostrea gigas
  • Gynogenesis
  • Inheritance
  • Microsatellites
  • Pacific oyster

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

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