Microporosity and mesoporosity of PPTA-derived carbons. Effect of PPTA thermal pretreatment

Alberto Castro-Muñiz, Amelia Martínez-Alonso, Juan M.D. Tascón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Isothermal treatments of the polyaramid fiber, [poly(p-phenylene terephthalamide)] (PPTA) in an inert atmosphere below its decomposition temperature are known to induce an important increase in char yield and modify the chemical composition and some other properties of the resulting chars. The objective of this work was to study the effect of this isothermal stage on the porous texture of chars and activated carbon fibers (ACFs) produced from PPTA. To this end, chars and ACFs were prepared by PPTA pyrolysis to 850 °C followed by CO2 activation at 800 °C to various burn-offs (BOs), introducing or not an intermediate isothermal pre-treatment under the conditions (500 °C, 200 min) known to lead to a maximum increase in char yield. The porosity characteristics of the resulting chars and ACFs were comparatively investigated by adsorption of CO2 (0 °C), and N2 (-196 °C). The isothermal stage led to a char with enhanced micropore volume and wider micropores. The ACFs prepared from this char exhibited larger amounts of wide micropores and mesopores than those prepared from PPTA pyrolyzed at a constant heating rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume114
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Activated carbon fibers
  • Adsorption
  • Mesoporosity
  • Microporosity
  • PPTA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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