Micrometer-scale electrical breakdown in high-density fluids with large density fluctuations: Numerical model and experimental assessment

Hitoshi Muneoka, Keiichiro Urabe, Sven Stauss, Kazuo Terashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experimentally observed electrical breakdown voltages (UB) in high-pressure gases and supercritical fluids deviate from classical theories for low-pressure gas discharges, and the underlying breakdown mechanisms for the high-density fluids making the UB differ from those in the classical discharges are not yet well understood. In this study, we developed an electrical breakdown model for the high-density fluids taking into account the effects of density fluctuations and ion-enhanced field emission (IEFE). The model is based on the concept that a critical anomaly of the UB (local minimum near the critical point) is caused by long mean free electron path leading to a large first Townsend coefficient in locally low-density spatial domains generated by the density fluctuations. Also, a modified Paschen's curve considering the effect of the IEFE on the second Townsend coefficient was used to reproduce the UB curve in the high-density fluids. Calculations based on the novel model showed good agreements with the experimentally measured UB even near the critical point and it also suggested that the critical anomaly of the UB depends on the gap distance. These results indicate that both the density fluctuations and the IEFE have to be considered to comprehend the plasmas in high-density and density-fluctuating fluids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042316
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume91
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Apr 29
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Micrometer-scale electrical breakdown in high-density fluids with large density fluctuations: Numerical model and experimental assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this