Micromagnetic simulations of magnetization reversals in Nd-Fe-B based permanent magnets

H. Sepehri-Amin, T. Ohkubo, K. Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Finite element micromagnetic simulation was employed to explain how the microstructure of Nd-Fe-B permanent magnets such as grain size, grain shape, and grain boundary composition influence the magnetization reversals and coercivity. Micromagnetic simulations showed that local demagnetization factor decreases as grain size decreases, which is attributed to a higher coercivity in fine-grained anisotropic permanent magnets. Lower demagnetization factor is also responsible for a lower temperature dependence of coercivity in the magnets with a smaller grain size. It was also found that the reduction of the magnetization of the grain boundary phase in hot-deformed Nd-Fe-B magnets leads to the coercivity enhancement due to a stronger pinning force against magnetic domain wall motion. The coercivity of Nd-Fe-B magnets cannot be enhanced by the reduction of the grain size alone unless the grain boundary phase become non-ferromagnetic, indicating that the role of the grain boundary phase is more pronounced in the Nd-Fe-B magnets with a smaller grain size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1229
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Coercivity
  • Demagnetization field
  • Micromagnetic simulations
  • Neodymium-iron-boron magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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