We investigated macroscopic and microscopic deformation of optical glasses K-PSK100 and K-PG375 for precision molding. The materials are characterized by a low glass transition temperature Tg; Tg is 663 K for PSK100 and 616 K for PG375. The materials exhibit Newtonian viscous flow above Tg. We studied the temperature dependence of the normal viscosity and evaluated the microformability by the geometrical transferability of a V-grooved die shape to the material. The dies were made of (100)Si and the width of the V-groove Wg was 0.1-2.0μm. After die-forming, we measured the transferred shape of the material with AFM and analyzed the curvature r of the tip of the deformed specimen and the formed and filled area to the V-groove Rf. As a result, we found that the materials exhibit superior microformability due to the homogeneity on a nanometer scale and will be applied to micro- or nano-forming and thus contribute to mass production of micro/nano-devices.
- Newtonian viscous flow
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ceramics and Composites
- Computer Science Applications
- Metals and Alloys
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering