Microbicidal action of photoirradiated aqueous extracts from wine lees

Mana Tsukada, Hong Sheng, Toshiaki Kamachi, Yoshimi Niwano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Wine lees, a major waste product of winemaking, is a rich source of polyphenolic compounds. LED-light irradiation at 400-nm elicited microbicidal activity of aqueous extract from wine lees (WLE) against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Candida albicans, in addition to reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, including hydroxyl radical (·OH) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Although treatment for 20 min of photoirradiation alone exerted bactericidal activity with a 2- to 3-log reduction, photoirradiated WLE for 20 min achieved a 5-log or greater reduction in viable S. aureus and P. aeruginosa cells. Regarding C. albicans, a 1-log reduction (90 % reduction) of viable cells was achieved by photoirradiated WLE for 40 min, whereas photoirradiation alone did not show any fungicidal effect. ROS analyses revealed that approximately 170 μM ·OH and 600 μM H2O2 were generated in photoirradiated WLE for 20 min. Because the bactericidal activity of photoirradiated WLE was abolished by ·OH scavengers, ROS, especially highly oxidative ·OH, may be responsible for the microbicidal activity of photoirradiated WLE. In addition to its microbicidal activity, WLE may act as an antioxidant as it exerted radical scavenging activity against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, a stable free radical.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3020-3027
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Science and Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1


  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Hydroxyl radical
  • Microbicidal action
  • Wine lees

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science


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