Methylation status of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes within the transforming growth factor beta pathway in human T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia

Stuart A. Scott, Tomofumi Kimura, Wei Feng Dong, Ryo Ichinohasama, Susan Bergen, Annette Kerviche, David Sheridan, John F. Decoteau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Epigenetic silencing of downstream components of the transforming growth factor beta pathway including the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKIs) p15INK4B, p27KIP1 and p21CIP1 is implicated in the pathogenesis of some hematological malignancies. Loss of p15INK4B expression due to promoter methylation occurs frequently in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) but the expression and methylation status of p27KIP1 remains to be characterized in T-ALL or T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL). As well, while some have reported a high frequency of p21CIP1 methylation in ALL patient samples others have found the gene to be unmethylated in this disease and the relationship between p21CIP1 expression and promoter methylation has not been examined in T-LBL. Using RNase protection assays (RPA) and methylation specific PCR (MSP), we found p27KIP1 to be expressed and its promoter unmethylated in 20 of 20 (100%) and 28 of 28 (100%) T-LBL/ALL samples, respectively. In contrast, p21CIP1 mRNA was absent in 7 of 14 (50%) T-LBL biopsies and 5 of 6 (83%) T-ALL cell lines. However, like p27KIP1 there was no evidence of p21CIP1 promoter methylation by MSP or temporal temperature gradient electrophoresis (TTGE) analysis of 35 CpG sites in any of the 28 T-LBL/ALLs analyzed. Similar to T-ALL, we found p15INK4B mRNA was absent in 13 of 14 (93%) T-LBL biopsies and its promoter methylated in 6 of 10 (64%) cases. Our results indicate that p21CIP1 mRNA is absent in human T-LBL biopsies and T-ALL cell lines at a high frequency. However, unlike p15INK4B, reduced p21CIP1 expression in T-LBL/ALL is independent of dense promoter-associated CpG methylation. In contrast to some hematological malignancies p27KIP1 methylation does not appear to contribute significantly to T-LBL/ALL pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1293-1301
Number of pages9
JournalLeukemia Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec


  • CDKI
  • MSP
  • RNase Protection Assay
  • RPA
  • T-ALL
  • T-LBL
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma
  • TGF-β
  • TSG
  • TTGE
  • cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor
  • methylation-specific PCR
  • transforming growth factor beta
  • tumor suppressor gene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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