Background: In acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) separations, patient characteristics determine the indications for surgery. However, in Japan, classification methods used to assess the severity of ACJ separations differ between institutions, and even within a classification method, different interpretations can lead to different assessments of severity. Therefore, in this study, we conducted an email survey of Japan Shoulder Society (JSS) members regarding their assessment methods for ACJ separation severity. Methods: A questionnaire about methods for assessing the severity of ACJ separations was emailed to JSS members (1655) including 59 JSS councilors. The survey focused on diagnostic imaging methods, classifications of severity assessments, and methods of assessing severity. Results: In total, 183 responses were received. All respondents used an anteroposterior view of the ACJ. Severity assessments were classified by the Tossy classification (57 respondents), Rockwood classification (141 respondents), and other classifications (7 respondents) including duplication. Of the 141 respondents using the Rockwood classification, 119 diagnosed type III as ACJ dislocation when the inferior clavicle border translated above the superior acromial border, whereas 56 used the coracoclavicular distance. However, to diagnose type V, 118 respondents used the coracoclavicular distance whereas 38 used palpation. To diagnose type IV, 57 respondents considered all cases in which the clavicle translated posterior to the acromion, even when vertical ACJ dislocation occurred simultaneously. However, 88 respondents did so in the presence of posterior clavicle displacement and ACJ subluxation. Conclusion: The Rockwood classification is commonly used for severity assessments in Japan; however, there is some disagreement regarding the assessment for the diagnosis of type IV. Methods to diagnose both superior and posterior translation of the clavicle need further debate.
- Acromioclavicular joint separations
- posterior displacement
- severity assessment
- Survey Study
- vertical displacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine