Metal production in CaCl 2 -based melts

R. O. Suzuki, N. Noguchi, Y. Haraguchi, S. Natsui, T. Kikuchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to produce metals directly from the oxides, molten CaO-CaCl 2 mixture offers a strong reducing environment. CaO in CaCfe melt electrochemically decomposes into metallic Ca and O 2- by applying a certain voltage larger than the theoretical decomposition voltage of CaO. Ca, deposited on cathode and dissolved in the melt, can work as strong reductant. Various metals such as Ti can be produced directly from their stable oxides. Although this calciothermic reduction forms CaO as by-product close to the cathode, CaO dissolves in CaCl 2 melt and decomposes again by electrolysis. This OS process could be applied to solid, liquid and gaseous oxides. By applying the sulfides, good quality of metal is realized because they do not form solid solution of sulfur.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationECS Transactions
EditorsW. Matthew Reichert, Hugh C. De Long, Minoru Mizuhata, David P. Durkin, Paul C. Trulove, Adriana Ispas, Andreas Bund, Robert A. Mantz, Elizabeth J. Biddinger, Alice H. Suroviec, Luke M. Haverhals, Mikito Ueda
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Pages45-53
Number of pages9
Edition14
ISBN (Electronic)9781607685395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventSymposium on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 21 - AiMES 2018, ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting - Cancun, Mexico
Duration: 2018 Sep 302018 Oct 4

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
Number14
Volume86
ISSN (Print)1938-6737
ISSN (Electronic)1938-5862

Conference

ConferenceSymposium on Molten Salts and Ionic Liquids 21 - AiMES 2018, ECS and SMEQ Joint International Meeting
CountryMexico
CityCancun
Period18/9/3018/10/4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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