Metal catalysts for steam reforming of tar derived from the gasification of lignocellulosic biomass

Dalin Li, Masazumi Tamura, Yoshinao Nakagawa, Keiichi Tomishige

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass gasification is one of the most important technologies for the conversion of biomass to electricity, fuels, and chemicals. The main obstacle preventing the commercial application of this technology is the presence of tar in the product gas. Catalytic reforming of tar appears a promising approach to remove tar and supported metal catalysts are among the most effective catalysts. Nevertheless, improvement of catalytic performances including activity, stability, resistance to coke deposition and aggregation of metal particles, as well as catalyst regenerability is greatly needed. This review focuses on the design and catalysis of supported metal catalysts for the removal of tar in the gasification of biomass. The recent development of metal catalysts including Rh, Ni, Co, and their alloys for steam reforming of biomass tar and tar model compounds is introduced. The role of metal species, support materials, promoters, and their interfaces is described.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume178
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Biomass gasification
  • Metal catalysts
  • Steam reforming
  • Synthesis gas
  • Tar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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