Metal-allergy cross-reactions in mice

Masayuki Kinbara, Yasuhiro Nagai, Teruko Takano-Yamamoto, Shunji Sugawara, Yasuo Endo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Few adequate animal models exist for metal-allergies. However, we previously found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) promote metal-allergies in mice, and we thereby established a reproducible murine metal-allergy model. Information concerning cross-reactivity among metals is still insufficient, especially lacking the studies in vivo. Here, we used this murine model to examine allergic cross-reactions among some metals. In the experiments using ultra-pure metals (Ni, Pd, Co, Cr, and Cu), Ni and Pd cross-reacted, and their minimum allergy-inducing concentrations were similar. However, there were no cross-reactions among other tested metals. Surprisingly, in the experiments using low-purity metals, all the tested metals (Ni, Pd, Co, Cr, and Cu) cross-reacted. Our findings suggest that there is cross-reactivity between Ni and Pd in the tested metal (Ni, Pd, Co, Cr, and Cu) and high-purity metal salts should be considered for use in clinical patch-testing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInterface Oral Health Science 2011
PublisherSpringer Japan
Pages95-96
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9784431540700
ISBN (Print)9784431540694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cross-reaction
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Inflammation
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Metal-allergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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