Metabolic fate of poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based curcumin nanoparticles following oral administration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Curcumin (CUR), the main polyphenol in turmeric, is poorly absorbed and rapidly metabolized following oral administration, which severely curtails its bioavailability. Poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based CUR nanoparticles (CUR-NP) have recently been suggested to improve CUR bioavailability, but this has not been fully verified. Specifically, no data are available about curcumin glucuronide (CURG), the major metabolite of CUR found in the plasma following oral administration of CUR-NP. Herein, we investigated the absorption and metabolism of CUR-NP and evaluated whether CUR-NP improves CUR bioavailability. Methods: Following oral administration of CUR-NP in rats, we analyzed the plasma and organ distribution of CUR and its metabolites using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. To elucidate the mechanism of increased intestinal absorption of CUR-NP, we prepared mixed micelles comprised of phosphatidylcholine and bile salts and examined the micellar solubility of CUR-NP. Additionally, we investigated the cellular incorporation of the resultant micelles into differentiated Caco-2 human intestinal cells. Results: Following in vivo administration of CUR-NP, CUR was effectively absorbed and present mainly as CURG in the plasma which contained significant amounts of the metabolite compared with other organs. Thus, CUR-NP increased intestinal absorption of CUR rather than decreasing metabolic degradation and conversion to other metabolites. In vitro, CUR encapsulated in CUR-NP was solubilized in mixed micelles; however, whether the micelles contained CUR or CUR-NP had little influence on cellular uptake efficiency. Therefore, we suggest that the high solubilization capacity of CUR-NP in mixed micelles, rather than cellular uptake efficiency, explains the high intestinal absorption of CUR-NP in vivo. Conclusion: These findings provide a better understanding of the bioavailability of CUR and CUR-NP following oral administration. To improve the bioavailability of CUR, future studies should focus on enhancing the resistance to metabolic degradation and conversion of CUR to other metabolites, which may lead to novel discoveries regarding food function and disease prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3009-3022
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of nanomedicine
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 28

Keywords

  • Absorption
  • Bioavailability
  • Caco-2
  • HPLC-MS/MS
  • Metabolism
  • Mixed micelles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Metabolic fate of poly-(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based curcumin nanoparticles following oral administration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this