We have measured the energy spectra of pions and protons emitted in the weak decay of Λ12C, Λ 28Si, and ΛFe hypernuclei produced via the (π+, K+) reaction. The decay widths of the π- mesonic decay (Λ → pπ-) and the nonmesonic decay (ΛN → NN) were extracted. The present results demonstrate an increase of the mesonic decay width due to a distortion of the pion wave function in nuclear medium for the first time. The ratios of the neutron- to proton-induced nonmesonic decay widths, Γn(Λ n → nn)/Γp(Λp → np), were evaluated by a direct comparison of the measured proton energy spectra with the calculated ones. No theoretical calculation which has been proposed so far can simultaneously account for both the nonmesonic decay widths and the Γn/Γp ratios in the present data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics