Mercury removal and recovery by immobilized Bacillus megaterium MB1

Meifang Chien, Ryo Nakahata, Tetsuya Ono, Keisuke Miyauchi, Ginro Endo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From several mercury removing microorganisms, we selected Bacillus megaterium MB1, which is nonpathogenic, broad-spectrum mercury resistant, mercuric ion reducing, heat tolerant, and spore-forming, as a useful bacterium for bioremediation of mercury pollution. In this study, mercury removal performance of the immobilized B. megaterium MB1 was investigated to develop safe, efficient and stable catalytic bio-agent for mercury bioremediation. The results showed that the alginate gel immobilized B. megaterium MB1 cells efficiently removed 80% of mercury from the solution containing 10 mg/L mercuric chloride within 24 h. These cells still had high activity of mercury removal even after mercuric ion loading was repeated for nine times. The analysis of mercury contents of the alginate beads with and without immobilized B. megaterium MB1 suggested that a large portion of reduced metallic mercury was trapped in the gel beads. It was concluded that the alginate gel immobilized B. megaterium MB1 cells have potential to remove and recover mercury from mercury-containing water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-197
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • alginate gel
  • bioremediation
  • immobilized bacteria
  • mercury removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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