The presence of human melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) was studied in the human brain by radioimmunoassay and immunocytochemistry. Immunoreactive MCH concentrations in the human brain ranged from 0.07 to 19.7 pmol/g wet weight. High performance liquid chromatography of the hypothalamus showed a large immunoreactive peak in the position of human/rat MCH, which was eluted 9 min later than that of salmon MCH. Free-floating sections (40 μm) of the hypothalamus were immunostained. Positive MCH immunostaining was found in perifornical, tuberomammillary, and posterior nuclei. Numerous MCH-immunoreactive nerve fibers were observed throughout the hypothalamus. The presence of high concentrations of MCH in the human brain, in particular in the hypothalamus, suggests that MCH is a neurotransmitter, a neuromodulator, or a neurohormone in man.
- Melanin-concentrating hormone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience