Mechanochemical Sulfidization of Nonferrous Metal Oxides by Grinding with Sulfur and Iron

Jun Wang, Jinfeng Lu, Qiwu Zhang, Fumio Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


Co-grinding nonferrous metal (Cu, Pb, and Zn) oxides with sulfur and iron stimulate solid-state reactions to form nonferrous metal sulfides and iron oxide. The sulfidizing reaction proceeds with an increase in grinding time and is almost complete after 180 min of grinding. The necessary conditions to sulfidize the oxides can be explained on the basis of thermodynamic considerations. A larger negative change in Gibbs free energy accompanies the defined sulfidizing reaction than the formation of iron sulfides. By using the novel sulfidizing process, it is expected that current mineral processing technologies such as flotational and magnetic separations might be used to recover metals from various kinds of wastes or to purify contaminated wastes when the heavy metals contained, such as lead, cadmium, etc., are sulfidized and removed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5813-5818
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Nov 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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