Mechanochemical formation of K-Si-Ca-O compound as a slow-release fertilizer

Wenyi Yuan, Solihin, Kibu Chiyo, Junya Kano, Fumio Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated a mechanochemical process for synthesizing slow-release potassium fertilizer by co-grinding starting materials of KOH, CaO and amorphous SiO2 in a planetary ball mill. X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), Fourier transformation infrared spectrometry (FTIR) and ion chromatography (IC) were used to analyze the synthesized samples. The milled sample reached an amorphous glass phase of the K-Si-Ca-O system through the incorporation of K+ and Ca2+ into the SiO2 network. The release rate of nutrient K+ decreased with increases in the amount of added silica oxide and in the rotational milling speed. For a synthesized sample dispersed in water for 24h and milled at 400rpm, the release rate of K+ was approximately 25%. All the results indicate that mechanochemical synthesis using starting materials of hydroxides or oxides is a simple and feasible process for producing slow-release fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalPowder Technology
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul


  • Grinding
  • K-Si-Ca-O system
  • Mechanochemical process
  • Slow-release fertilizer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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