Mechanochemical decomposition of PVC by using La2O3 as additive

William Tongamp, Qiwu Zhang, Fumio Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A polyvinyl chloride (PVC, [{single bond}CH2{single bond}CHCl{single bond}]n) sample was ground with one of the following oxide samples, lanthanum oxide (La2O3) and calcium oxide (CaO), as a reference, to investigate its mechanochemical (MC) decomposition. According to the XRD patterns for the ground products, peaks of lanthanum oxy-chloride, LaOCl which is water insoluble, were observed to appear in the patterns of the mixture samples at a molar ratio of (PVC: La2O3 = 1:2) and (1:4), after 20 min grinding, while the patterns of the ground PVC-CaO mixtures show the formation of CaOHCl, which is water soluble, in the products after 2 h grinding. TG patterns taken for the PVC-La2O3 mixtures ground for different periods of time do not indicate significant weight loss in the range from 200 to 300 °C, and this suggests that La2O3 is more effective additive than CaO in the MC decomposition for PVC. FT-IR patterns for organic phases in the ground mixture show the reduction of C{single bond}Cl bindings in the PVC structure. The MC reaction between PVC and La2O3 is accompanied by the formation of C-O single bonds, to form LaOCl, which is insoluble in water at ambient condition. This is the reason why the yield of Cl extracted by the water leaching reaches only less than 50%, while it reaches almost 100% in the yield of Cl from the PVC-CaO mixture ground for 2 h or more.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1226-1230
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume137
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 21

Keywords

  • Grinding
  • Lanthanum oxide
  • Lanthanum oxy-chloride
  • Mechanochemistry
  • Polyvinyl chloride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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