Mechanisms of the in vitro fungicidal effects of human neutrophils against Penicillium marneffei induced by granulocyte-macrophage colony- stimulating factor (GM-CSF)

N. Kudeken, Kazuyoshi Kawakami, A. Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the in vitro fungicidal activity of human neutrophils against conidia and yeast cells of Penicillium marneffei. Neutrophils showed a small but significant anti-fungal effect against the yeast form of P. marneffei. Treatment of neutrophils with GM-CSF significantly augmented their anti-fungal activity. In contrast, the conidia form resisted killing even by stimulated neutrophils. Neutrophil fungicidal effect was not inhibited by superoxide dismutase (SOD), while the same treatment significantly suppressed the killing of Candida albicans by GM-CSF-stimulated neutrophils. For effective killing of P. marneffei yeast cells by GM-CSF-stimulated neutrophils, direct contact between the two was essential; interference in such interaction by separation using a 0.45-μm-pored membrane prevented such an effect. Addition of colchicine attenuated GM-CSF-stimulated neutrophil fungicidal activity in a dose-dependent manner. This effect did not appear to be mediated by interference with neutrophil mobility toward yeast cells, because similar results were obtained when the cultures were set in round- bottomed wells which facilitate their direct contact. Finally, granular extracts derived from unstimulated neutrophils significantly suppressed the growth of microorganisms. Pretreatment of neutrophils with GM-CSF markedly enhanced this effect. The fungicidal activity of granular lysates was strongly, but not completely, reduced by heat treatment. Considered together, our results indicate that GM-CSF-stimulated neutrophils killed the yeast form of P. marneffei present in close proximity, probably in a superoxide anion- independent mechanism, but through exocytosis of granular enzymes which were largely heat-labile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-478
Number of pages7
JournalClinical and Experimental Immunology
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Direct contact
  • GM-CSF
  • Granular lysates
  • Neutrophil
  • Penicillium marneffei

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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