Mechanisms of neuronal death in synucleinopathy

Atsushi Takeda, Takafumi Hasegawa, Michiko Matsuzaki-Kobayashi, Naoto Sugeno, Akio Kikuchi, Yasuto Itoyama, Katsutoshi Furukawa

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

α-synuclein is a key molecule in the pathogenesis of synucleinopathy including Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy. In this mini-review, we mainly focus on recent data obtained from cellular models of synucleinopathy and discuss the possible mechanisms of neurodegeneration. Recent progress suggests that the aggregate formation of α-synuclein is cytoprotective and that its precursor oligomer (protofibril) may be cytotoxic. The catechol-derived quinones are the candidate molecules that facilitate the oligomer formation of α-synuclein. Furthermore, the cellular membranes are shown to be the primary targets injured by mutant α-synucleins, and the mitochondrial dysfunction seems to be an initial step in the neuronal death.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19365
JournalJournal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume2006
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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