Recently, fluid jets have become widely used in medical devices and have been created and evaluated in clinical environments. Such devices are classified into two broad groups; those adopting continuous jets and those adopting discrete (or pulsed) jets. We developed a discrete jet device for brain cancer treatment, called a laser-induced liquid jet (LILJ) system. Although several studies have evaluated the availability and described the treatment mechanisms of fluid jet devices, the mechanisms of the fluid and injected material remain under-investigated. In this paper, we report the mechanism of frequent pulsejet injections into a viscoelastic biological material; namely, simulated gelatin brain tissue. The mechanism is evaluated by the injection depth, an easily measured parameter. To explain the injection mechanism, we propose that the pulsejet is pressured by forces introduced by resistance on the side surface of the hole and the reaction force proportionate to the injection depth. The pulsejet generated and propagated cracks in the gelatin, and the resistance eventually fractured the side surface of the hole. We evaluated the proposed model by measuring the behavior of pulsejets injected into gelatin by the LILJ. From the results, the following conclusions were obtained. First, the proposed model accurately describes the behavior of the injected pulsejet. Second, whether the hole or crack growth largely increases the final injection depth can be evaluated from differences in the decay constant. Finally, crack growth increases the final injection depth when the number of the injected pulsejets is greater than the inverse of the decay constant.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)