Room temperature mechanical treatment consisting of multiple torsion loadings (named pre-torsion) was applied to Nb3Sn composite wires with different architecture to reduce thermal residual compressive strain experienced by the superconducting Nb3Sn filaments. Due to this effect all investigated wires have shown enhancement of the critical current density, Ic up to 56% at 15T and 4.2K. Enhancement of Ic was larger for the reinforced wires than for the wires without reinforcement suggesting that reinforcement is useful in strain relaxation during pre-torsion. The best results were obtained when the position of the reinforcement was located in the outer region of the wire. Pre-torsion is similar or more efficient than cycles of bending loadings (named pre-bending). For pre-torsion important parameter is rotation angle per length of the wire and optimum conditions for short wires are valid for long wires. Uniformity of Ic along the length of a 99cm wire after pre-torsion was within 2.1A.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)