Mechanical Surface Treatments of AISI 304 Stainless Steel: Effects on Surface Microrelief, Residual Stress, and Microstructure

D. A. Lesyk, H. Soyama, B. N. Mordyuk, V. V. Dzhemelinskyi, S. Martinez, N. I. Khripta, A. Lamikiz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface roughness, residual stress, and microstructure of AISI 304 stainless steel specimens after laser shock peening (LSP), water jet cavitation peening (WjCP), water jet shot peening (WjSP), and multi-pin ultrasonic impact treatment (UIT) were studied in this work. Compared to the initial state, the surface roughness (Ra) was, respectively, decreased by approx. 5.5, 7.8, 38.2, and 91.1% after the LSP, WjCP, WjSP, and UIT processes. The volume fraction of ε-martensite of ~ 3-5% was observed in all treated specimens except for the LSP-treated ones. The volume fraction of α′-martensite was increased in the following sequence: WjCP (~ 5%), LSP (~ 5%), WjSP (~ 25%), UIT (~ 50%). The studied mechanical surface treatments promote a significant reduction in grains size of both austenite (~ 15-20 nm) and martensite (~ 20-37 nm) leading to essential hardening. All studied processes result in the formation of compressive residual stresses (− 377…693 MPa) and the improvement in the bearing curve parameters. The microhardness estimated accounting for the contributions of different hardening mechanisms to the yield strength magnitude correlates well with the experimental data. The grain boundary hardening and dislocation hardening are concluded to be the most influential mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5307-5322
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume28
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 1

Keywords

  • bearing curve parameters
  • hardening mechanisms
  • laser shock peening
  • multi-pin ultrasonic impact treatment
  • roughness
  • water jet cavitation peening
  • water jet shot peening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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