Mechanical stress and gibberellin: Regulation of hollowing induction in the stem of a bean plant, phaseolus vulgaris l.

Mamoru Takano, Hideyuki Takahashi, Hiroshi Suge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In pole bean plants, mechanical stress (MS) inhibited stem elongation and induced radial thickening of the stem. Application of uniconazole, an inhibitor of gibberellin biosynthesis, also reduced stem growth but had no effect on stem diameter. Both MS and uniconazole significantly reduced hollowing of the first internodes, but only the former increased ethylene evolution from the first internode. Application of GA3 increased the length of the first internode and decreased its diameter in bush bean plants; this was accompanied by a significant promotion of stem hollowing. Aminooxyacetic acid (AOA) decreased ethylene evolution from the GA3-treated internodes, though it did not reduce the GA3-induced hollowing of the first internodes. Application of GA3 affected neither ethylene evolution nor cellulase activity in the first internodes of bush bean plants. Application of GA3 stimulated much greater cell elongation in the center of pith tissue than in the outer surrounding tissues, suggesting a possible physical breakage of the inner cells, which leads the hollowing of bean stems. These results suggest that gibberellin is a factor responsible for stem hollowing in bean plants. Because MS is known to reduce gibberellin content in bean plants [Suge (1978) Plant Cell Physiol. 21: 303] MS may inhibit stem hollowing by reducing the amount of endogenous gibberellin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume36
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
  • Ethylene
  • Gibberellins
  • Hollowing
  • Mechanical stress
  • Pithiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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