Mechanical properties of Ni-YSZ cermet anode under SOFC operating condition by using in-situ mechanical testing method

Satoshi Watanabe, Kazuhisa Sato, Shinji Sukinou, Fumitada Iguchi, Keiji Yashiro, Koji Amezawa, Hiroo Yugami, Toshiyuki Hashida, Junichiro Mizusaki, Tatsuya Kawada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ni-YSZ composites are widely used as SOFC anode materials for electrochemical devices. The mechanical properties of Ni-YSZ composites were investigated by using a Small Punch(SP) testing method under SOFC operating condition. The compositions of the Ni-YSZ composites tested in this study were 0:100 vol.%, 15:85 vol.%, 30:70 vol.%, and 50:50 vol.%. Electrical resistivity measurements suggested that the Ni particles formed a network-like structure at the Ni content greater than 30 vol.%. Experimental results obtained from the SP tests demonstrated that ductile-like deformation was induced under a reducing environment for the Ni contents of 30 and 50 vol. %. The ductile-like behavior could be attributed to the formation of Ni network. The first complete re-oxidation of NiO-YSZ composites then caused critical damage and resulted in a drastic strength reduction, probably due to Ni agglomeration. This study revealed the first evidence for the presence of potential plastic deformation capacity in Ni-YSZ composites under reducing environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-360
Number of pages12
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, A Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part A
Issue number787
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Fracture stress
  • In-situ mechanical testing method
  • Mechanical property
  • Ni-YSZ composite
  • Small-punch
  • Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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