Mechanical properties of Ir-15Hf-xZr ternaries with two-phase fcc/L1 2 or L12/L12 structure at room and high temperatures

J. B. Sha, Yoko Mitarai, H. Harada

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Iridium is expected as the most promising base metal for future ultra-high temperature structural materials. With large atomic size misfit to Ir, Hf and Zr were found to be the most effective solid-solution and precipitate hardening elements. Multi-component alloying of Ir by Hf and Zr is employed in this work to promote the high-temperature mechanical properties of Ir-based alloys. The Ir-15Hf binary alloy was used as a base material and Ir was further replaced by 1, 5, 10, and 15 mol % Zr. The results showed that with an increasing Zr content the microstructure of the Ir-15Hf-(1∼15) Zr alloys changed from two-phase fcc/L12 to L12/L12 structure. From room to high temperatures, considerable hardening took place when the microstructure contained significant amount of saturated fee phase, while the L12 dominating or two-phase L12/L12 microstructure showed lower hardening efficiency. Even at 1800°C, the Ir-15Hf-1Zr alloy containing significant amount of saturated fee-phase had the yield 0.2% strength of as high as 340MPa. The intergranular fracture could govern the failure of the Ir-Hf-Zr ternary alloys. Finally, a principle for the design of the Ir-based alloy with high strength at elevated temperatures based upon the composition and fracture mode was discussed and proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes
EventMaterials Science and Technology 2005, MS and T'05 - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: 2005 Sep 252009 May 28


OtherMaterials Science and Technology 2005, MS and T'05
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA


  • High- Temperature behaviors
  • Ir-Hf-Zr ternary alloys
  • L1 phase
  • Solid-solution fee phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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