Mechanical properties of GaAs crystals

Ichiro Yonenaga, Utako Onose, Koji Sumino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanical properties of GaAs crystals grown by the liquid encapsulated Czochralski technique and the boat technique are investigated by means of compression tests. Stress-strain characteristics of a GaAs crystal in the temperature range 400°-500 °C are very similar to those of a Si crystal in the temperature range 800°-900 °C. This seems to reflect the fact that the dislocation mobility in a GaAs crystal in the former temperature range is comparable to that in a Si crystal in the latter temperature range. Dislocations in GaAs crystals are found to be easily immobilized at an intermediate temperature due to gettering of impurities and/or impurity-point defect complexes. In comparison to a Si crystal, the surface of a GaAs crystal seems to involve irregularities that act easily as effective generation centers for dislocations. Thus the magnitude of the yield stress of an aged GaAs crystal is controlled by the surface condition and is not influenced by the density of dislocations involved in the crystal. The so-called steady state of deformation is realized in a GaAs crystal in the deformation stage after the lower yield point as in Si and Ge crystals. Dislocation distributions in a deformed GaAs crystal observed by transmission electron microscopy is very similar to those in deformed Si and Ge crvstals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-261
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987 Apr

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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