Mechanical properties of biomedical titanium alloys

Mitsuo Niinomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1560 Citations (Scopus)


Titanium alloys are expected to be much more widely used for implant materials in the medical and dental fields because of their superior biocompatibility, corrosion resistance and specific strength compared with other metallic implant materials. Pure titanium and Ti-6Al-4V, in particular, Ti-6Al-4V ELI have been, however, mainly used for implant materials among various titanium alloys to date. V free alloys like Ti-6Al-7Nb and Ti-5Al-2.5Fe have been recently developed for biomedical use. More recently V and Al free alloys have been developed. Titanium alloys composed of non-toxic elements like Nb, Ta, Zr and so on with lower modulus have been started to be developed mainly in the USA. The β type alloys are now the main target for medical materials. The mechanical properties of the titanium alloys developed for implant materials to date are described in this paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Mar 15


  • Biomedical titanium alloys
  • Fatigue characteristics
  • Fracture characteristics
  • Mechanical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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