Mechanical performance and biocompatibility of biomedical beta-type titanium alloy subjected to micro-shot peening

Toshikazu Akahori, Yurie Oguchi, Tomokazu Hattori, Hisao Fukui, Mitsuo Niinomi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Beta-type Ti-29Nb-13Ta-4.6Zr (TNTZ) was recently developed as a representative biomedical Ti alloy. As-solutionized TNTZ has a low Young's modulus less than 60 GPa close to that of cortical bone along with very low cytotoxicity and good bone biocompatibility. Solution treatment and aging (STA) is a typical heat treatment for improving the mechanical properties of beta-type titanium alloys. However, STA also drastically increases the Young's modulus. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of surface modification, micro-shot peening, on the mechanical properties of TNTZ subjected to severe thermomechanical treatment in order to maintain a relatively low Young's modulus. The bone contact characteristics of TNTZ samples subjected to surface modification and cancellous bone were also compared. The Vickers hardness of cold-swaged TNTZ (TNTZSW) subjected to micro-shot peening was significantly increased within 20 μm from the very edge of the specimen surface. The fatigue strength of TNTZSW subjected to micro-shot peening increased especially in the high cycle fatigue life region. The fatigue limit was around 400 MPa. The bone formations on TNTZSW subjected to micro-shot peening and TNTZSW with the mirror surface as comparison material were almost identical to each other. However, the relative bone contact ratio of TNTZSW subjected to micro-shot peening was better than that of TNTZSW with the mirror surface.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTHERMEC 2013
EditorsB. Mishra, Mihail. Ionescu, T. Chandra
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages1215-1220
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783038350736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event8th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC 2013 - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: 2013 Dec 22013 Dec 6

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume783-786
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752

Other

Other8th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, THERMEC 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV
Period13/12/213/12/6

Keywords

  • Biocompatibility
  • Mechanical properties
  • Metallic biomaterial
  • Microstructure
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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