Mechanical behavior of electroded piezoelectric material systems for smart device applications

Yasuhide Shindo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Piezoelectric ceramics and composites play a significant role as active electronic components in many areas of science and technology, such as smart structures and MEMS devices [1-3]. In most of the applications as sensors, actuators, transducers and transformers in the field of such devices, piezoelectric ceramics are subjected to both high mechanical stresses and intense electric fields, hence, it is important for reliability and durability to investigate the linear and non-linear electromechanical response under these circumstances [4-9]. This presentation summarizes the recent observations on the mechanical behavior of electroded piezoelectric material systems for device applications through experimental and finite element characterizations. Two special topics are itemized below: 1 Bending of Smart Piezoelectric Devices A variety of strain-amplifying structures have been employed to obtain a larger displacement from piezoelectric ceramics to meet the requirements of many practical applications. In some practical structures such as bimorph, one major concern has been the polarization switching or domain wall motion of the piezoelectric layers [10-12]. First, we describe the electromechanical response of piezoelectric laminated actuators, and discuss the effects of DC electric field and polarization switching on the bending properties. We also examine the effect of electromagnetic fields on the non-linear bending response of piezoelectric/magnetostrictive laminated devices. Next, we present the results on the nonlinear bending behavior due to domain wall motion for the piezoelectric bimorph actuators and piezotransducers under AC electric fields. 2 Electromechanical Field Concentrations near Electrodes Stress and electric field concentrations in the neighborhood of an electrode tip in piezoelectric devices can result in mechanical and electrical degradation. It is therefore important to understand the electromechanical fields in the vicinity of the electrode and to improve the device's design and performance [13-15]. First, we look at the effect of applied voltage on the electromechanical field concentrations ahead of electrodes in piezoelectric devices. We have measured the strain near electrodes at various electrical loading conditions, and calculated the strain, stress and electric displacement concentrations. We have then made a comparison of strain concentration between experiment and simulation, and discussed a non-linear behavior induced by localized polarization switching. Next, we discuss the electromechanical field concentrations due to electrodes in partially poled multilayer piezoelectric film devices.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications - Proceedings of AES-ATEMA'2008 2nd International Conference
Pages67-69
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Event2nd International Conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications, AES-ATEMA'2008 - Cesena, Italy
Duration: 2008 Sep 12008 Sep 5

Publication series

NameAES-ATEMA International Conference Series - Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications
ISSN (Print)1924-3642

Other

Other2nd International Conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications, AES-ATEMA'2008
CountryItaly
CityCesena
Period08/9/108/9/5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Shindo, Y. (2008). Mechanical behavior of electroded piezoelectric material systems for smart device applications. In Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications - Proceedings of AES-ATEMA'2008 2nd International Conference (pp. 67-69). (AES-ATEMA International Conference Series - Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications).