Mechanical and magnetic properties of novel yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia/Ni nanocomposite prepared by the modified internal reduction method

Hiroki Kondo, Tohru Sekino, Norihito Tanaka, Tadachika Nakayama, Takafumi Kusunose, Koichi Niihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dense ceramic/metal nanocomposite has been fabricated by internal reduction method, which includes a two-step process: sintering of ceramic-metal oxide solid solution and subsequent heat treatment in a reducing atmosphere to precipitate metal nanoparticles. This novel technique has been applied to yttriastabilized tetragonal zirconia (Y-TZP) and nickel oxide (NiO) system to fabricate Y-TZP/Ni nanocomposite. Dense Y-TZP and 0.3 mol% NiO solid solution ceramic was successively prepared by the pressureless sintering, and Y-TZP/Ni was fabricated by the internal reduction treatment. The obtained Y-TZP/Ni nanocomposite possessed characteristic intragranular nano-structure with nano-sized metallic Ni particles of around 20 nm. Fracture toughness of both the solid solution and nanocomposite was remarkably improved because of the solid solution of NiO into Y-TZP and resultant destabilization of the tetragonal phase, and the Y-TZP/Ni nanocomposite was still destabilized by the remaining nickel solution after the reduction. The nano-composite exhibited ferromagnetism, while the Y-TZP-NiO solid solution had diamagnetic nature. Comparison of saturation magnetization values revealed that 39.5 at.% of introduced nickel was reduced to metallic nanoparticle, proving the existence of residual NiO solute in zirconia that contributed to higher toughness value than the monolithic Y-TZP. It is concluded that the introduced internal reduction method is a suitable process to achieve multifunctional ZrO 2/Ni nanocomposite with high toughness and coexistent magnetic characteristic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1473
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume88
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jun 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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