Measurements and Dubinin-Astakhov correlation of adsorption equilibria of toluene, acetone, n-hexane, n-decane and methanol solutes in supercritical carbon dioxide on activated carbon at temperature from 313 to 353K and at pressure from 4.2 to 15.0MPa

Ikuo Ushiki, Masaki Ota, Yoshiyuki Sato, Hiroshi Inomata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adsorption equilibria of five volatile organic compounds (VOCs) (toluene, acetone, n-hexane, n-decane and methanol) on activated carbon in supercritical carbon dioxide were studied. Measurements were performed with a fixed bed method for activated carbon fine particles (ca. 74-147μm diameter), a specific surface area at 1300m2/g and a mean pore diameter, micropore volume of 0.687nm and 0.441cm3/g, respectively. Characteristic adsorption isotherms varied greatly for each VOC that can be attributed to differences in two interactions, VOC and activated carbon, VOC and supercritical carbon dioxide in the bulk phase, respectively. Adsorption amount of each VOC increased with increasing temperature and decreasing pressure. Adsorption isotherm equilibria could be correlated with the Dubinin-Astakhov equation using two parameters within 6.5% of average relative deviation. The parameters of the Dubinin-Astakhov equation were found to be a function of the chemical species, carbon dioxide density and VOC molar volume. These results indicate a possibility of developing a predictive model for the adsorption equilibria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalFluid Phase Equilibria
Volume344
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 25

Keywords

  • Activated carbon
  • Adsorption equilibria
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Dubinin-Astakhov equation
  • Supercritical fluids
  • Volatile organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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