Measurement of transient heat transfer in vicinity of gas–liquid interface using high-speed phase-shifting interferometer

Yuki Kanda, Eita Shoji, Lin Chen, Junnosuke Okajima, Atsuki Komiya, Shigenao Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The heat transfer process and initial stage of coupled convection at a gas–liquid interface are observed with high temporal and spatial resolutions in view of understanding phase transition dynamics such as evaporation or condensation for energy technologies. A high-speed phase-shifting interferometer is used to precisely measure the transient heat conduction and convection processes near the gas–liquid interface of a small water droplet. In the present study, the transient heat conduction around a water droplet interface during the adiabatic expansion process before the appearance of convection is visualized and examined. In the visualization experiment, transient density variations due to heat conduction in the vicinity of the gas–liquid interface are observed with temporal and spatial resolutions of 1 ms and 8.83 μm/pixel, respectively. It is determined that convection appears at approximately t = 0.25 s in a fast depressurization process, while transitions in both temperature and pressure are observed. In addition, the transient density variations and distributions of the gas phase before convection are compared with numerical simulations as an optical path length difference, and there is good agreement between the simulations and experimental results. The measurement methods developed in this study can be applied in the measurement of interfacial heat and mass transfers with high temporal and spatial resolutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-63
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec


  • Gas–liquid interface
  • Heat transfer
  • High-speed measurement
  • Interferometry
  • Visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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