Measurement of the transport of hydrogen isotopes near the surface of metal-hydride and deuteride using elastic recoil detection technique

B. Tsuchiya, Shinji Nagata, K. Toh, T. Shikama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermal behavior of hydrogen isotopes near the surface of δ-phase titanium hydride and deuteride covered with an oxide layer has been investigated using the elastic recoil detection (ERD) technique. The hydrogen isotopes concentrations near to the surface of the hydride and deuteride decreased exponentially as a function of annealing time in the temperature range of 423-488 K. Also a hydrogen concentration gradient is formed at the surface. The change of the hydrogen distribution with annealing time at several temperatures was analyzed using mass balance equations in which elementary processes such as diffusion, trapping and detrapping at vacant trap sites are taken into account. The effective diffusion rates of hydrogen isotopes to the topmost oxide layer and thermal detrapping rates of hydrogen isotopes at the hydride-oxide interface were estimated. Moreover, the activation energies for the effective diffusion rate and the thermal detrapping rate were determined to be 0.54 ± 0.10 and 1.20 ± 0.02 eV, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-373
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume249
Issue number1-2 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Effective diffusion rate
  • Elastic recoil detection
  • Mass balance equation
  • Thermal detrapping rate
  • Titanium hydride and deuteride
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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