The reduction of de Broglie wavelength is one of the fascinating characteristics of multiphoton quantum interference. It will be applicable to, for instance, super-resolution imaging beyond the classical diffraction limit and ultrasensitive phase measurement beyond the standard quantum limit. Thus far, the reduced de Broglie wavelength has been experimentally demonstrated using visible or near infrared photons [1-3]. However, it is still a challenging task to demonstrate multiphoton quantum interference in a telecom-wavelength region, because of insufficient quantum efficiencies of single-photon detectors working at telecom wavelength. Also, efficient photon sources of multiple photons that are mutually indistinguishable are essential to carry out various experiments including multiphoton quantum interference and quantum information protocols. In this context, we have developed an efficient photon-pair source designed for such multiphoton experiments at telecom wavelength. Making use of this source, we demonstrate the first measurement of reduced de Broglie wavelength of the four-photon state at the telecom wavelength.